Tuesday, 26 June 2018

AMINES AND AROMATIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN NOTE BY PLANCESS

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair. Amines are formally derivatives of ammonia, where in one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by a substituent such as an alkyl or aryl group (these may respectively be called alkylamines and arylamines.

Amines in which both types of substituent are attached to one nitrogen atom may be called alkylarylamines) . Important amines include amino acids, biogenic amines, trimethylamine, and aniline; see Category :Amines for a list of amines. Inorganic derivatives of ammonia are also called amines, such as chloramine (NClH2); see Category:Inorganic amines.

Compounds with a nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl group, thus having the structure R–CO–NR′R″, are called amides and have different chemical properties from amines.

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