Saturday, 30 June 2018

KINETIC THEORY OF GASES AND THERMODYNAMICS NOTE BY PLANCESS

We use the kinetic theory of gases to peer through the galaxy of the ideal gas law to look at the stars within. Think of it as what the ideal gas law would look like when viewed through a microscope. Instead of considering gases on a macroscopic scale (y'know, people sized), it treats gases as a collection of millions of molecules.

These are the laws that tie everything together: they relate the temperature, pressure, and volume of a gas back to what the individual molecules in the gas are doing. This is good because, the molecules' parents are always asking us what they were doing between 3 and 5 on a weekday afternoon, and we're tired of being put on the spot.

We said before that the temperature of a substance is a measure of how fast its molecules are moving or in other words, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules. Well, the kinetic theory of gases lets us relate the kinetic energy of the molecules in a gas to the temperature, volume, and pressure of the gas.

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