Saturday, 23 June 2018

NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY BY PLANCESS

Nuclear chemistry is the subfield of chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes, such as nuclear transmutation, and nuclear properties.

It is the chemistry of radioactive elements such as the actinides, radium and radon together with the chemistry associated with equipment (such as nuclear reactors) which are designed to perform nuclear processes. This includes the corrosion of surfaces and the behavior under conditions of both normal and abnormal operation (such as during an accident). An important area is the behavior of objects and materials after being placed into a nuclear waste storage or disposal site.

Environmental chemistry is a very focused branch of chemistry, containing aspects of organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry and inorganic chemistry, as well as more diverse areas, such as biology, toxicology, biochemistry, public health and epidemiology. Environmental chemists work in a variety of public, private and government laboratories.

Environmental chemistry is socially important because it deals with the environmental impact of pollutants, the reduction of contamination and management of the environment. Environmental chemistists study the behavior of pollutants and their environmental effects on the air, water and soil environments, as well as their effects on human health and the natural environment.

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