Solids constitute a large part of our lives as we utilize solids more than liquids and gases in our day to day activities. Generally a solid is defined as a substance which has rigidity, fixed shape, and size. But what makes solid different from gases and liquids? The nature of particles of matter and the binding force between them varies with solids, liquids, and gases.
For Example, the particles of matter in liquids and gases are free to move inside the structure adding to its property of fluidity. On the contrary particles of matter inside solid remain stationary in their position, leading to the reason why solids don’t flow like liquids and gases. Also, the space between particles of matter in solids is quite less as compared to liquids and gases. This is the reason why solids are rigid in nature as the constituent particles are closely bound to each other. The study of solid state is all about exploring the nature, arrangement, and forces between constituent particles.Solid State:Solids are substances characterized by definite shape, volume and high density. In solid state the constituent particles of matter are arranged in several patterns. The study of solid state is called solid state chemistry, also known by the name materials chemistry which explores preparation, the structure of properties of solid state materials.
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