Information Technology


Information Technology (IT) is an engineering division, which concentrates on the study of  utilizing computers and telecommunications in order to control, gather, store and circulate information. Bother software and hardware sectors are  parts of Information Technology. Due to the importance and reputation of IT, the present age is sometimes referred to as information technology age. Despite its late entry, it quickly became popular among students and used to create numerous job opportunities with decent pay packages! But with recession, the reputation of this Engineering Branch took a dent. Still, if pursued from a reputed Institute, IT Engineering is a valuable course. In this article, I will provide information about B.E./B.Tech. Information Technology program such as- basic course details, course duration, eligibility criteria, important subjects present, scope and job opportunities.

Students who have an interest in web and internet technology, database management may pursue this course. Students may also go for B.Sc. IT course, but B.E./B.Tech. Degree is more valuable that B.Sc. Degree. Come, let us take a look at the basic course details.


It is a 4 years long Undergraduate Level Degree program. The 4 years’ duration is divided into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. During each semester, students will have to face a different set of theoretical subjects as well as practical lab sessions.

Information Technology branch consists of topics related to Information management (storage and retrieving) , Information security, Software engineering, Computer Science, web scripting etc. In short, it is aimed at training students to become Information management experts and put their skills to support various Industries and spheres of life.

To get a better idea about the structure of the course, let us take a look at the list of important subjects present in B.E./B.Tech. Information Technology program.


I’ve listed only the important subjects present in B.E./B.Tech. Information Technology course. It has been done so that readers may get an idea about what the course structure is like.

In the first two semesters, the general set of Engineering subjects are present.

  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Communication Skills
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Elements of Mechanical Engineering
  • Elements of Electrical Engineering
  • Basics of Civil Engineering
  • Computer Programming and Utilization
  • Mechanics of Solids

After first year, from 3rd semester onward, subjects focusing on IT and its various sub branches are introduced.
  • Data Structure
  • Database Management System
  • Logic Design and Structure
  • File Structure
  • Operating System
  • Programming in C Language
  • Business Information Systems
  • Object Oriented Programming using C++
  • Data Communication
  • Networking
  • Programming using Java
  • Computer Graphics and Multimedia
  • Computer Networks
  • Software Engineering
  • Information Management
  • E-Commerce
  • Web Scripting and Technology
  • Data Mining
  • Project Management
  • Management
  • Data Compression
  • Java (Advanced)
  • Algorithm Design
  • Electronics

Those were some important subjects present in B.E./B.Tech. Information Technology course. Some of the above mentioned courses are recurring ones, meaning they will appear in more than just one semester.

In case of some subjects, along with the theoretical part, lab sessions are also present. Students, in case of some semesters, will also have to select elective subjects, whose availability may vary from one Institute to another.

In the final and pre final year, Industrial training and project work will play an important role.


10+2 Science stream students with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects, who have passed 12th board examinations from a recognized board are eligible to pursue B.E./B.Tech. Information Technology course.

Students must also have appeared for state level entrance examination to be considered eligible to take part in the admission process. Admission process is held at both Central (Govt run) as well State (State wise Authorities) levels.


Graduates may go for various IT Edge courses offered by Private institutes. M.E./M.Tech. program can also be pursued by Graduates. They may choose to specialize in sub branches within the IT field by taking help of this PG program. M.B.A. is another option that will add to the management skills of a Graduate! Graduates may also go on and pursue relevant M.Sc. programs too!


Information Technology stream offers a lot of job opportunities for the graduates. IT Service provider based companies concerned in hardware/software development, application and its testing employ IT professionals. Some of the top companies employ IT Engineers such as Unisys, Qualcomm, Tata Elixi, Sasken Communications, Airtel, BSNL, Hutchison,Vodafone, VSNL, Accenture, Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, ASUS, Cisco Systems, National Instruments, Cypress Semiconductor Tech. Ltd, BEL, Robert Bosch, Alcatel, Siemens, Boeing, Analog Devices India, Insilica Semiconductors and Xilinx India. There are also lots of job opportunities available in India as well as abroad.

Some job titles: -

  • Programmers
  • PHP Developer
  • Oracle PL/SQL Developer
  • Quality Analyst
  • IT Specialists
  • Technology Engineer
  • Technical Consultant
  • Web Developer and Designer
  • Data Security Officer
  • Database Manager
  • Software Developer
  • Information Technology Engineer

The startup scenario also recruits talented IT professionals. So, those who are looking for a creative and challenging work environment may land a job in the startup sector. One may also use IT skills and start their own venture or even a consultancy firm also. But starting a consultancy business will require one to have good work experience first!

These days, IT companies are even recruiting Graduates from other Engineering branches and training them to take on jobs in IT Industry. This has led to general reduction in salary of Freshers. Still, if you manage to pursue IT Engineering from a reputed Institute, you’ll be able to land a well paying job right from the start. The average starting salary is generally between 20k-40k Rupees per month.

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